Grit chambers are intended for the extraction and removal of highly precipitable particles (grit), which are sized more than 0.15 mm from municipal and industrial wastewater. The grit chambers are intended for use in wastewater with a рН of 6.5 – 8.5.
Description of Esmil Tangential Grit Chamber
The spiral of the screw transporter is manufactured from wear-resisting carbon steel; other parts are manufactured from stainless steel AISI 304 or AISI316 on customer demand. The grit chambers can be of 50 or 100 m3/h capacity. The grit chamber is a cone-shaped tank with an inclined transporter for the removal of the precipitated grit.
Inlet and outlet branches are installed on the top of the tank. The grit washing units with washing water inlet- and outlet branches are installed at the bottom of the conical tank. The mixing device is on the mounted inside of the tank and is driven by a geared motor. Another geared motor drives the screw of the grit transporter. The grit transporter – which consists of a number of cases with rotating screws inside – is mounted to the tank with sn angle of 35°. The rounded case of the grit transporter is protected by wear-resistant polymer inserts. The case sections are connected by flange couplings.
Operating principle of Tangential Grit Chamber
Wastewater is fed at the inlet zone of the conical tank and swirls along tank walls by means of the mixing device rotation. Grit slips along the walls of the conical tank and reaches the grit washing unit. Clarified wastewater is directed to the outlet branch for subsequent treatment stages. Grit is washed by pressure water in the grit washing unit. Grit is agitated by the mixer to improve the grit-washing process. Washing water is drained to the subsequent treatment stages while the grit is collected at the tank’s bottom. From here it is removed to the discharge zone by the screw conveyor. The grit is discharged into the storage container or onto the transporter.
Advantages of Esmil Tangential Grit Chamber
- modular construction is ideal for small wastewater treatment plants
- does not require high capital costs
- increased efficiency by using the tangential motion of the fluid
- casing manufactured from stainless steel is reliable and durable
Automation of Tangential Grit Chamber
Automation of the grit chamber operation can be time-based. All grit chamber geared motors (mixing devices and transporter) are equipped with electrical protection. Alarm systems of the normal operation indication and emergency stops are provided.
It is possible to transfer equipment status data to a higher-level automated process control system depending on the client’s requirements. The screw can be reversed to address jams and congestion.